“Though, in the UK, punk would come to be associated with working class struggle and anti-Thatcher resistance, no such political element exists in the genesis of punk’s ideas. In New York, Malcolm McLaren took from Warhol and Lou Reed and transferred the outlandish dynamism of 1960s proto-punk shows to London’s underground rock scene. It was only when punk reached Britain did its political tangents start pinging off. In the 1980s, American punk became far more invested, thanks to this reflexive cross-Atlantic relationship, in political ideologies. But even into the 1990s and beyond, punk never lost its individual centre, its lust for dispute, its cheek and its cynicism. We owe this to the Americans. And we owe so much of our musical culture to the influence of punk rock, to its enthralling ideals and its unique values.”—Josh White is a freelance writer who reviews music for BBM Magazine whilst also working as the Politics editor for Newturn Magazine. More of his writing can be found atjoshwhitesays.co.uk.